The most popular packaging waste in China has an a

2022-09-23
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The annual waste value of packaging waste in China reaches 400 billion yuan

not long after the Mid Autumn Festival, the National Day is coming again. During this period of time, many friends put up all kinds of luxury gift boxes on the sun. Some people sigh that today's festivals are really more and more extravagant

in recent years, the phenomenon of over packaging has become more and more common, involving tea, famous wine, health products, cosmetics and many other products. Many products are packed with paper, wood, plastic, leather, metal, silk, crystal and other raw materials. There are three layers inside and three layers outside. There are even pure silver and gold packaging

a report in June, 2011 disclosed that at present, more than 50% of China's commodities have the problem of over packaging. One third of China's urban domestic waste belongs to packaging waste, accounting for half of all solid waste, with an annual waste value of up to 400billion yuan. More than half of these packaging waste belong to excessive luxury packaging, and China has become one of the countries with the most serious problem of excessive packaging in the world

the so-called excessive packaging refers to excessive consumables, heavy weight, large volume or high cost of packaging, which far exceeds the basic needs of product packaging. After careful analysis, it can be said that the production of harmful volatiles is harmful but not beneficial

first of all, the shoulder riding method is also known as the parallel method. Excessive packaging will create a lot of garbage and pollute the environment. According to the statistics of the International Food Packaging Association, taking Beijing as an example, among the more than 5 million tons of garbage generated every year, about 1.5 million tons of packaging materials for various commodities, including 1million tons of over packaging materials that can be reduced, and the waste treatment fee caused by over packaging is as high as more than 300million yuan per year

secondly, it will lead to a lot of waste of resources. Xuhaiyun, an expert of China Academy of urban construction, has calculated that taking shirts as an example, China currently produces about 1.2 billion shirts a year, of which 800million are boxed, and 0.8 billion packaging boxes need 240000 tons of paper. If taking trees with a diameter of 10 cm as the standard, every 7 trees can produce 1 ton of paper, and 0.8 billion packaging boxes is equivalent to cutting 1.68 million trees. In other words, just shirts, consumers wear a large area of forest in a year. The cartons used to pack shirts are only a drop in the bucket in all commodity packaging

facing the huge resource consumption caused by excessive packaging, the recycling rate of packaging waste in China has not been significantly improved. According to the statistical data released by the national development and Reform Commission, among the astonishing amount of packaging waste every year, except for the slightly better recycling of cartons, beer bottles, PET bottles (a kind of plastic bottle, which is widely used in household goods, daily chemical packaging and other fields editor's note), the recycling rate of other products is quite low, and the recycling rate of the whole packaged products is less than 20%

third, excessive packaging of food may also be harmful to human health. Take moon cakes as an example. Some brightly colored moon cake packages are often made of recycled plastic with gold and silver powder. The sources of these recycled plastics are complex, including medical waste, pesticide bottles, etc., which contain a large number of toxic substances and heavy metals such as mercury and cadmium. Due to the high oil content of the moon cake itself, toxic substances are very easy to be dissolved. Eating such moon cakes is unknowingly ingesting toxic substances

fourth, excessive packaging is suspected of commercial fraud, which will harm the interests of consumers. Due to excessive packaging, there may be rust, corrosion and other phenomena. Many goods are more expensive than beads. Consumers spend a lot of money on ordinary or even inferior goods, while merchants can make huge profits. In this regard, the China Consumers' Association has clearly stipulated that any packaging volume that significantly exceeds 10% of the commodity itself and the packaging cost that significantly exceeds 30% of the commodity price can be judged as a commercial fraud that infringes on the rights and interests of consumers

most importantly, excessive packaging of goods will also promote corruption. A public opinion Chinese friend commented that luxury packaged goods are generally expensive, and ordinary people rarely can afford to consume them, and they will not consume them. Most of them are used as gifts. The more common the phenomenon of excessive packaging of goods, the more likely it is to breed corruption

in the face of various hazards of excessive packaging, relevant departments have begun to take action. In April last year, the national standard "food and cosmetics for limiting excessive packaging of goods" approved and implemented by the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine and the National Standards Commission clearly stipulated that the number of sales packaging layers of food and cosmetics should be less than three, the packaging void ratio should not be greater than 60%, and the total packaging cost outside the initial packaging should not exceed 20% of the commodity sales price

professor dongjinshi, Secretary General of the International Food Packaging Association, said that the enforceability of the regulations was still problematic because current manufacturers did not clearly mark the size of the contents and packaging materials on the outside of the packaging box when designing and manufacturing products. Moreover, the regulation only improves the relevant standards in the field of food and cosmetics, and does not cover other areas with excessive packaging, such as drugs and health products. To put an end to excessive packaging, we should also improve relevant standards and implementation rules

Professor Liang Qidong of Liaoning Academy of Social Sciences pointed out that the phenomenon of excessive packaging reflects the lack of social awareness of saving consumption and the prevalence of extravagant and wasteful consumption behavior. Consumers' excessive pursuit of high-end and decent products has prompted businesses to devote themselves to packaging. Only by limiting the excess profits of luxury goods and enhancing consumers' awareness of economy, can we eliminate the soil for the survival of excessive packaging

there are many successful experiences abroad to solve the problem of excessive packaging. Germany has long formulated the circular economy law, which should pay attention to the difference between joint oil leakage and cylinder plug oil leakage, and has written into the law the obligation of commodity producers and operators to recycle packaging waste. The decree requires that the packaging of goods should be labeled with a green sign, and consumers can put them into professional dustbins according to this sign, and then they can be recycled by professional companies. Commodity producers and operators need to pay fees to recycling companies according to the output and sales of commodities and the difficulty of recycling packaging waste. In this way, in order to save costs, commodity producers and operators will inevitably try to pack commodities simply. At the same time, after being recycled by professional companies, packaging waste can still be recycled to turn waste into treasure

a public opinion Chinese friend commented that we have always said that to achieve sustainable development and build an energy-saving society, we need to take solid actions from top to bottom. How to deal with the growing problem of over packaging is the first hurdle that our society should overcome as soon as possible

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