The most popular packaging waste in Germany implem

2022-09-28
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Germany implements the "green dot" sign recycling method for packaging waste

a large number of packaging waste has caused waste of resources and environmental pollution, while Germany has well controlled packaging waste through government legislation, promoting the sustainable development of the packaging industry. By implementing the packaging regulations alone, 1million tons of packaging were avoided in 1992 and 1993; From 1993 to 1995, about 13million tons of commodity packaging waste were utilized through this system

garbage cans for German families are distributed uniformly, with small buckets for families with oneortwo people and large buckets for families with a large population. Every family has to pay a monthly garbage clearance fee, and families who use buckets have to pay more

in 1992, Germany began to implement a more systematic recycling method of packaging waste, namely the famous "green dot" recycling system method. The so-called "green dot" is to print a unified "green dot" logo on the commodity packaging. This "green dot" indicates that the manufacturer of this commodity has paid for the recycling of this commodity. The cost paid by the manufacturer using the "green dot" logo to establish a recycling, classification and reuse system, and the company operating this system is non-profit

after residents use all the commodities marked with "green dot", they will put them in special yellow plastic bags. The company operating the "green dot" system has special personnel to collect them from each household regularly. Usually, the packaging materials with "green dots" are: aluminum, iron, white iron sheet, plastic; wait. It should be noted that letting the tensile testing machine continue to stretch the standard tensile specimen "green dot" does not mean that the commodity is a "green product". On the contrary, German companies and stores engaged in ecological food have never bought "green dot". Because they always focus on avoidance, and the packaging they use is environmentally friendly. "Green dot" cannot guarantee that recyclable garbage can be recycled, classified and utilized. Many places in Germany still send all their garbage to garbage dumps or waste incineration sites, especially where people and shops are crowded

the fundamental significance of the "green dot" system is that through the commodity packaging regulations, the product principles have been determined in law for the first time. According to the regulations, the producers and operators of commodity packaging are obliged to take back and use the used products

since Germany began to enforce this system, customers have to pay the corresponding deposit when purchasing all mineral water, beer, coke and soda packaged in plastic bottles and cans, and 0.25 euros is required for less than 1.5 liters. Customers receive the deposit when returning empty cans

why can bottles of spirits, wines, milk and fruit juice be "spared" from the deposit system? German Packaging Law stipulates that if the recovery rate of disposable beverage packaging is less than 72%, a mandatory deposit system must be implemented. The packaging recovery rate of beer, coke and soda has been very low, and it could not reach the 72% standard after 1997. The recovery rate of packaging for spirits, grape wine, milk, fruit juice and so on is much higher, so they are not included in the deposit system. In fact, it is reasonable to think about it carefully. Spirits, wines, milk, fruit juice, etc. are all family drinks. Most of them are bottled in glass and are generally bought home for drinking. Then residents will consciously put them into different collection boxes according to different colors (glass recycling boxes in Germany are classified according to different colors), so the recovery rate is high. Beer, coke and other beverages are leisure drinks. People in Xinjiang Zhonghe have perfect high-purity aluminum production and testing technology. They are used to drinking outdoors or in public places, and then they are easy to throw away. Many empty beer cans that have not been put into recycling bins can be seen on the roadside in Germany, which is particularly serious among German youth

according to statistics, the global consumption of plastic packaging alone reached more than 30 million tons. Urban solid waste in the United States is about 150 million tons a year; Japan has about 50million tons of solid waste in a year. China is the fourth largest plastic producer in the world, with an annual output of 15million tons, of which 30% is used for packaging. 70% of these plastic packages are discarded after disposable use

on the surface, the deposit system is to promote customers to return empty beverage cans to improve the recovery rate. In fact, the intention of the German Ministry of environment is to let Germans change their consumption habits of using disposable beverage packaging and turn to more environmentally friendly reusable packaging. Beer, coke and soda are mostly disposable cans or plastic bottles. Although they will be recycled after being collected and then made into new packaging, this process, whether it is recycling and reproduction, or repeated transportation, will cause great energy consumption. After the completion of energy consumption, the annual output of 300000 tons of biological composite materials and 3D printing materials will be directly linked to the emission of greenhouse gases. In the last 10 years, the market share of disposable packaging in Germany has doubled to 24%

although the deposit system is controversial, many people support it. Those Germans who really understand the connotation of the deposit system and have strong environmental awareness believe that the deposit system is urgently needed. For example, Wei grebo, a professor of ecology at Cottbus University of technology in Brandenburg, said, "whether to buy a pop can or a glass bottle is a matter of one's environmental awareness. I haven't bought a pop can for five or six years."

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